Depending on the type of asset — tangible versus intangible — there are differences in the calculation method allowed and how they are presented on financial statements. Understanding these differences is critical when serving business clients. Depreciation of some fixed assets can be done on an accelerated basis, what is an example of amortization meaning that a larger portion of the asset’s value is expensed in the early years of the asset’s life. The secondary vertical axis shows the total loan balance, represented graphically by the gray line. You’ll notice that the outstanding loan balance decreases with each installment of principal (blue bars).

This process shifts the asset from the balance sheet to the income statement, allowing a better understanding of the asset’s status and utilization. Amortization helps to identify assets that are being fully utilized by breaking down the cost of the intangible asset over its expected period of use. Amortization is the practice of spreading an intangible asset’s cost over its useful life and is usually done using the straight-line method.

## How Does an Amortization Work?

First, a debit to the amortization expense is entered, then a corresponding credit to the intangible asset account is entered. Depreciation, on the other hand, would have a credit placed in the contra asset accumulated depreciation. Unlike intangible assets, tangible assets might have some value when the business no longer has a use for them. For this reason, depreciation is calculated by subtracting the asset’s salvage value or resale value from its original cost. The difference is depreciated evenly over the years of the expected life of the asset. In other words, the depreciated amount expensed in each year is a tax deduction for the company until the useful life of the asset has expired.

In a loan amortization schedule, this information can be helpful in numerous ways. It’s always good to know how much interest you pay over the lifetime of the loan. Your additional payments will reduce outstanding capital and will also reduce the future interest amount. Therefore, only a small additional slice of the amount paid can have such an enormous difference. In the course of a business, you may need to calculate amortization on intangible assets. In that case, you may use a formula similar to that of straight-line depreciation.

## Amortizing Loan

Consider the following examples to better understand the calculation of amortization through the formula shown in the previous section. Bonds that have higher coupon rates sell for more than their par value, making them premium bonds. Conversely, bonds with lower coupon rates often sell for less than par, making them discount bonds. Because the purchase price of bonds can vary so widely, the actual rate of interest paid each year also varies.

But for homeowners, mortgage amortization means the monthly payments pay down the debt predictably over time. The amortization period vs loan term is both terms that relate to the total length of a loan. Understanding the difference between the two can help you keep your mortgage payments under control and ensure you repay your loan on time. Your monthly payments will be higher with a shorter amortization period.

## What to know about Form 4562: Depreciation and Amortization

The amortization period is based on regular payments, at a certain rate of interest, as long as it would take to pay off a mortgage in full. A longer amortization period means you are paying more interest than you would in case of a shorter amortization period with the same loan. Before taking out a loan, you certainly want to know if the monthly payments will comfortably fit in the budget. Therefore, calculating the payment amount per period is of utmost importance.

The straight-line method is the equal dispersion of monetary instalments over each accounting period. Generally, this method is the go-to scheduling of payments for businesses. One of the trickiest parts of using this accounting technique for a business’s assets is the estimation of the intangible’s service life.

## Amortization Period vs. Loan Term

And make sure you understand how amortization will affect your monthly payments, as well as your home equity options further down the line. In addition, choosing a shorter-term loan locks in your higher monthly payments — you’re obligated to pay the full amount each month. The biggest drawback to shortening your loan term is that monthly payments will be much higher.